The National Pension Scheme: What Is It?

The National Pension Scheme: What Is It?

The Central Government’s social security program is called the National Pension Scheme (NPS). Employees in the public, private, and even unorganized sectors are eligible for this pension plan, with the exception of those in the military forces.

Throughout their career, the program encourages participants to make regular contributions to a pension account. The subscribers may withdraw a certain portion of the corpus upon retirement. After you retire, the balance will be paid to you as an NPS account holder as a monthly pension.

Formerly, only employees of the Central Government were covered by the NPS plan. Employees of the Central Government hired on or after January 1, 2004, are required to be covered by the NPS. But now, on a voluntary basis, the PFRDA is available to all Indian people.

For anyone who works in the private sector and needs a steady pension upon retirement, the NPS system is quite valuable. With tax incentives under Sections 80C and 80CCD, the program is transferable across occupations and places.


Who ought to make NPS investments?

For those who have a low tolerance for risk and wish to start saving for retirement early, the NPS is a viable option. Undoubtedly, having a steady pension during your retirement years can be beneficial, particularly for those who leave private sector employment.

This kind of methodical investing can have a significant impact on your life after retirement. In fact, paid individuals who want to maximize their 80C deductions should examine this approach.


Benefits of the National Pension Scheme

A portion of the NPS is allocated to stocks, which might not provide guaranteed returns. On the other hand, compared to other conventional tax-saving investments such as the PPF, it delivers substantially larger returns.

With more than ten years of operation, this program has produced 9% to 12% annualized returns to date. If you are dissatisfied with the fund’s performance, you have the option to switch fund managers under NPS.


Risk Evaluation

At the moment, the National Pension Scheme’s equity exposure is capped at between 75% and 50%. This cap is 50% for employees of the government.

Within the specified range, the equity component will decrease by 2.5% year starting the year the investor turns 50.

However, the cap is set at 50% for investors who are 60 years of age and older. Investors benefit from this stabilization of the risk-return relationship, which makes the corpus relatively immune to the volatility of the equity market.

When compared to alternative fixed-income plans, NPS offers a better earning potential.

The PFRDA oversees NPS through open and honest investing guidelines, frequent performance evaluations, and NPS Trust’s oversight of fund managers.

The NPS membership is adaptable. Throughout a fiscal year, NPS members have the flexibility to alter their subscription amount as well as make contributions to the NPS fund at any point. They are free to select the investments that they want. Users are able to access and manage their account online from any location, even if they move or change jobs.

Eligibility for the National Pension Scheme

Anyone who meets the following requirements is eligible to become a member of NPS:

Must be a non-resident Indian (NRI) or an Indian citizen, either a resident or non-resident.
Age range should be 18–70 years old.
must adhere to the Know Your Customer (KYC) guidelines as stated in the application.
In accordance with the Indian Contract Act, one must be legally qualified to execute a contract.

NPS subscriptions are not available to Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), Overseas Indian Citizens (OCIs), or Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs).
Since NPS is a personal pension account, it cannot be opened on someone else’s behalf.


The National Pension System: How Do I Invest?

The NPS is governed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), which provides an online and offline option for opening an account.

Offline Method

You must locate a PoP, or Point of Presence, that is registered with the PFRDA in order to open an NPS account offline or manually. This PoP could be a bank. Get a subscriber form from the PoP closest to you, fill it up, and send it in with the KYC documents. If you already have KYC compliance with that bank, disregard that.

Following your initial deposit of at least Rs. 500, Rs. 250 per month, or Rs. 1,000 per year, you will receive a PRAN (Permanent Retirement Account Number) from PoP.

You can manage your account with the use of this number and the password found in your sealed welcome kit. For this procedure, there is a one-time registration charge of Rs. 125.


Online Method

An NPS account can now be opened in less than 30 minutes. If you link your account to your PAN, Aadhaar, and mobile number, opening an account online at is simple.

The OTP that was delivered to your mobile device can be used to verify the registration. You can use this to generate a PRAN (Permanent Retirement Account Number) for NPS login.

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